Utilitarian uses of native plants

In the utilitarian section you find out how resourceful and creative the Native Americans were. You will see Bear Grass (Xerophyllum tenax), Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia), and Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea (syn. C. stolonifera)). 

Xerophyllum tenax: Bear grass has long been used by Native Americans who weave it in baskets. 

Amelanchier alnifolia: Serviceberries are well known as an ingredient in pemmican, a preparation of dried meat to which the berries are added as flavor and preservative.  

Cornus sericea: Red Osier Dogwoods were used by Native Americans as “traditional tobacco”, either by itself or in a mixture with other plant materials.